The University of Massachusetts Amherst
University of Massachusetts Amherst

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Reservoir management in Potomac River basin

TitleReservoir management in Potomac River basin
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1982
AuthorsPalmer RN, Smith JA, Cohon JL, ReVelle CS
JournalJournal of the Water Resources Planning and Management Division
Start Page47
KeywordsAsphalts, Basins, hydrologic models, North America, Potomac River, Reservoirs, Rivers and streams, Simulation models, United States, Washington, Water supply systems, Water treatment

Techniques for determining the yield of multireservoir water supply systems have been developed and applied to the system that serves the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area (WMA). This system is composed of the Potomac and Patuxent River Basins and five reservoirs which lie in these basins. The yield of each reservoir in the system was determined using simulation models. Simulation and linear programming models were developed to determine the yield of the reservoir system when operated jointly with the Potomac River. Linear programming models were developed which incorporated projected water demands and limitations on the distribution and treatment capacities of the agencies that supply water to the WMA. These models were used to determine the regional demand that can be met. A multiobjective analysis was made of the potential tradeoffs between conflicting water uses on the basin. The models indicate that the yield which results from the proper joint operation of the system is significantly greater than the yield of the individual components of the system.