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Manganese removal from drinking water sources

TitleManganese removal from drinking water sources
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsTobiason JE, Bazilio A, Goodwill JE, Mai X, Nguyen C
JournalCurrent Pollution Reports
Start Page1
Date Published09/2016
KeywordsBiofiltration, Drinking water, Manganese, Oxidation, Sorption

Manganese (Mn) in drinking water can cause aesthetic and operational problems. Mn removal is necessary and often has major implications for treatment train design. This review provides an introduction to Mn occurrence and summarizes historic and recent research on removal mechanisms practiced in drinking water treatment. Manganese is removed by physical, chemical, and biological processes or by a combination of these methods. Although physical and chemical removal processes have been studied for decades, knowledge gaps still exist. The discovery of undesirable by-products when certain oxidants are used in treatment has impacted physical–chemical Mn removal methods. Understanding of the microorganisms present in systems that practice biological Mn removal has increased in the last decade as molecular methods have become more sophisticated, resulting in increasing use of biofiltration for Mn removal. The choice of Mn removal method is very much impacted by overall water chemistry and co-contaminants and must be integrated into the overall water treatment facility design and operation.