|Title||Manganese removal from drinking water sources|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Tobiason JE, Bazilio A, Goodwill JE, Mai X, Nguyen C|
|Journal||Current Pollution Reports|
|Keywords||Biofiltration, Drinking water, Manganese, Oxidation, Sorption|
Manganese (Mn) in drinking water can cause aesthetic and operational problems. Mn removal is necessary and often has major implications for treatment train design. This review provides an introduction to Mn occurrence and summarizes historic and recent research on removal mechanisms practiced in drinking water treatment. Manganese is removed by physical, chemical, and biological processes or by a combination of these methods. Although physical and chemical removal processes have been studied for decades, knowledge gaps still exist. The discovery of undesirable by-products when certain oxidants are used in treatment has impacted physical–chemical Mn removal methods. Understanding of the microorganisms present in systems that practice biological Mn removal has increased in the last decade as molecular methods have become more sophisticated, resulting in increasing use of biofiltration for Mn removal. The choice of Mn removal method is very much impacted by overall water chemistry and co-contaminants and must be integrated into the overall water treatment facility design and operation.