|Title||Effect of pathogen concentrations on removal of cryptosporidium and giardia by conventional drinking water treatment|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Lau BLT, Harrington GW, Hoffman R.M., Borchardt M.A.|
|Secondary Authors||Assavasilavasukul* P.|
|Keywords||Conventional treatment, Cryptosporidium, Drinking water, Giardia, Pathogen removal|
The presence of waterborne enteric pathogens in municipal water supplies contributes risk to public health. To evaluate the removal of these pathogens in drinking water treatment processes, previous researchers have spiked raw waters with up to 10(6) pathogens/L in order to reliably detect the pathogens in treated water. These spike doses are 6-8 orders of magnitude higher than pathogen concentrations routinely observed in practice. In the present study, experiments were conducted with different sampling methods (i.e., grab versus continuous sampling) and initial pathogen concentrations ranging from 10(1) to 10(6) pathogens/L. Results showed that Cryptosporidium oocyst and Giardia cyst removal across conventional treatment were dependent on initial pathogen concentrations, with lower pathogen removals observed when lower initial pathogen spike doses were used. In addition, higher raw water turbidity appeared to result in higher log removal for both Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts.