|Title||Design component and system reliability in a low-rise cold formed steel framed commercial building|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Smith BH, Arwade SR, Schafer BW, Moen CDennis|
Target structural reliabilities are implicit in most modern design codes and yet efficiency of design and construction as well as the presence of constraints on the design space mean that structural components in a building system may have as-designed reliabilities that differ from the target reliabilities. This paper presents an investigation of this phenomenon through a detailed examination of the two story cold-formed steel framed building designed and tested as part of the CFS-NEES project and seeks to use this case study to elucidate features of the component and system reliabilities that may prevail in typically designed buildings. Specifically, for the gravity load system of the second floor and the lateral force resisting system the demand to capacity (D/C) ratios and reliabilities (β) are calculated. The results of these calculations illustrate the excess and highly variable D/C ratios and reliabilities that result from efficient design procedures. Since the ultimate goal of structural design is to ensure performance of the structural system at a target level of reliability the influence of excess and variable component reliability on reliability of the lateral force resisting system is examined by making assumptions about series and parallel-type interaction of the floor diaphragm and shear walls. Finally, discussion is presented about the role of load combinations and their associated coefficients of variation in determining component and system reliability in a cold-formed steel framed building. Future considerations include more robust, high fidelity, modeling of the system effects and evaluation of excess capacity and variability of reliability across suites of other building designs and structural systems such as roof trusses.