The University of Massachusetts Amherst
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Adaptive route choice models in stochastic time-dependent networks

TitleAdaptive route choice models in stochastic time-dependent networks
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsGao S, Frejinger E, Ben-Akiva ME
JournalTransportation Research Part C
Start Page136
KeywordsAdaptive route choice, Choice under risk, Prospect theory, Routing policy, Traveler information

Adaptive route choice models are studied that explicitly capture travelers' route choice adjustments according to information on realized network conditions in stochastic time-dependent networks. Two types of adaptive route choice models are explored: an adaptive path model in which a sequence of path choice models are applied at intermediate decision nodes and a routing policy choice model in which the alternatives correspond to routing policies rather than paths at the origin. A routing policy in this study is a decision rule that maps from all possible pairs (e.g., node, time) to the next links out of the node. Existing route choice models that can be estimated on disaggregate revealed preferences assume a deterministic network setting from the traveler's perspective and cannot capture the traveler's proactive adaptive behavior under uncertain traffic conditions. The literature includes a number of algorithmic studies of optimal routing policy problems, but the estimation of a routing policy choice model is a new research area. The specifications of estimating the two adaptive route choice models are established and the feasibility of estimation from path observations is demonstrated on an illustrative network. Prediction results from three models—nonadaptive path model, adaptive path model, and routing policy model—are compared. The routing policy model is shown to better capture the option value of diversion than the adaptive path model. The difference between the two adaptive models and the nonadaptive model is larger in terms of expected travel time if the network is more stochastic, indicating that the benefit of adaptivity is more significant in a more unpredictable network.