College of Engineering
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
University of Massachusetts Amherst
16A Marston Hall
130 Natural Resources Road
Amherst, Massachusetts 01003
Tel: (413) 545-9456
Fax: (413) 545-2202
- Activated sludge process
- Anaerobic digestion
- Algae-based wastewater treatment processes
- Bioflocculation of algae and bacteria
- Reduction of excess sludge generation
- Wastewater treatment effluents and estuarial eutrophication
Ph.D. Civil Engineering, Virginia Tech, 2007.
M.S. Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, 2002.
B.S. Environmental Engineering, Yeungnam University, 2000.
Study Abroad Scholar of Civil Engineering, Washington State University, 1999.
- Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 2013 - present
- Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts, September 2007 - 2013
- Instructor, Virginia Tech, Spring 2007
- Graduate Research Assistant, Virginia Tech, 2001 – 2006
CEE 370 Environmental Engineering Principles
CEE 471 Water and Wastewater Treatment
CEE 575 Hazardous Waste Management
CEE 671 Biological Processes for Environmental Engineering
- Algal-sludge granule for wastewater treatment and bioenergy feedstock generation, provisional patent application, (UMA 14-010), November 2013
- Method for reducing sludge wasting and enhancing bio-hydrogen, full utility patent application submitted, (UMA 09-31) June, 2010
- Effect of cations on activated sludge characteristics, No.20040149661, August 5, 2004
Recent Papers Published
Wang, M., Sahu, A.K., Rusten, B., and Park, C. (2013) Anaerobic co-digestion of microalgae Chlorella sp. and waste activated sludge. Bioresource Technology 142, 585-590.
Nguyen, L.N., Hai, F.I., Nghiem, L.D., Kang, J., Price, W.E., Park, C., Yamamoto, K. (2013) Enhancement of removal of trace organic contaminants by powdered activated carbon dosing into membrane bioreactors. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. In press.
Baek, K., Wang, M., McKeever, R., Rieber, K., Park, C., and Nüsslein, K. (2013) Biodegradation of low concentration of 1,2-Dibromoethane in groundwater is enhanced by phenol. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. DOI 10.1007/s00253-013-4963-1
Baek, K., McKeever, R., Rieber, K., Sheppard, D., Park, C., Ergas, S.J., Nüsslein, K. (2012) The potential for aerobic cometabolism of 1,2-dibromoethane in contaminated groundwater. Bioresource Technology, 123, 207-213.
Kim, Y.M., Chon, D.H., Kim, H.S., and Park, C. (2012) Investigation of bacterial community in activated sludge with an anaerobic side-stream reactor (ASSR) to decrease the generation of excess sludge. Water Research 46, 4292-4300.
Yuan, X., Wang, M., Park, C., Sahu, A.K., and Ergas, S.J. (2012) Microalgae growth using high strength wastewater followed by anaerobic co-digestion. Water Environment Research 84(5), 396-404.
McKeever, R., Sheppard, D., Nüsslein, K., Baek, K., Rieber, K., Ergas, S.J., Forbes, R., Hilyard, M., and Park, C. (2012) Biodegradation of ethylene dibromide (1,2-Dibromoethane [EDB]) in microcosms simulating in situ and biostimulated conditions. Journal of Hazardous Materials 209-210, 92-98.
Chon, D.H., Rome, M., Kim, Y.M., Park, K.Y., and Park, C. (2011) Investigation of the sludge reduction mechanism in the anaerobic side-stream reactor process using several control biological wastewater treatment processes. Water Research 45, 6021-6029.
Chon, D.H., Rome, M., Kim, H.S., and Park, C. (2011) Investigating the mechanism of sludge reduction in activated sludge with an anaerobic side-stream reactor. Water Science and Technology 63 (1), 93-99.
Kim, J., Park, C., and Novak, J.T. (2011) Combination of coagulating agents, alum and cationic polymer, for sludge dewatering and odors. Korean Society of Civil Engineers Journal of Civil Engineering 15 (3), 447-451.
Kim, Y.M., Lee, D.S., Park, C., Park, D., and Park, J.M. (2011) Effects of free cyanide on microbial communities and biological carbon and nitrogen removal performance in the industrial activated sludge process. Water Research 45, 1267-1279.
Kim, Y.M., Cho, H.U., Lee, D.S., Park, C., Park, D., and Park, J.M. (2011) Response of nitrifying bacterial communities to the increased thiocyanate concentration in pre-denitrification process. Bioresouce Technology 102(2), 913-922.
Gu, A., Nerenberg, R., Sturm, B.M., Park, C., and Goel, R. (2010) Molecular methods in biological systems. Water Environment Research 82, 908-930.
Baek, K.H., Park, C., Oh, H.M., Yoon, B.D., and Kim, H.S. (2010) Diversity and abundance of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in activated sludge treating different types of wastewater. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 20(7), 1128–1133.
Westgate, P. and Park, C. (2010) Evaluation of proteins and organic nitrogen in wastewater treatment effluents. Environmental Science and Technology 44, 5352–5357.
Park, C., Fang, Y., Murthy, S.N., and Novak, J.T. (2010) Effects of floc aluminum on activated sludge characteristics and removal of 17-α-ethinylestradiol in wastewater treatment systems. Water Research 44, 1335-1340.
Ostendorf, D., Park, C., Rotaru, C., and Pereira, M. (2009) A case study of steady oxygen concentration gradients in a groundwater plume from a highway infiltration basin. ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering 135, 1237-1243
Park, C. and Novak, J.T. (2009) Characterization of lectins and bacterial adhesins in activated sludge flocs. Water Environment Research 81, 755-764.
Park, C. and Helm, R.F. (2008) Application of metaproteomic analysis for studying extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in activated sludge flocs and their fate in sludge digestion. Water Science and Technology 57, 2009-2015.
Park, C., Helm, R.F., and Novak, J.T. (2008) Investigating the fate of activated sludge exocelluar proteins in sludge digestion using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Water Environment Research 80, 2219-2227.
Park, C., Novak, J.T., Helm, R.F., Ahn, Y., and Esen, A. (2008) Evaluation of the extracellular proteins in full-scale activated sludges. Water Research 42, 3879-3889.
Novak, J.T., Park, C., Higgins, M.J., Chen, Y.-C., Morton, R., Gary, D., Forbes, R., and Erdal, Z. (2007)Impacts of the MicroSludge™ process on odor causing compoundsin anaerobically digested biosolids. Water Practice 1.
Park, C. and Novak, J.T. (2007) Characterization of activated sludge exocellular polymers using several cation-associated extraction methods. Water Research 41, 1679-1688.
Park, C., Muller, C.D., Abu-Orf, M.M., and Novak, J.T. (2006) The effect of wastewater cations on activated sludge characteristics: effects of aluminum and iron in floc. Water Environment Research 78, 31-40.
Park, C., Abu-Orf, M.M., and Novak, J.T. (2006) The digestibility of waste activated sludges. Water Environment Research 78, 59-68.
Novak, J.T., Park, C., and Abu-Orf, M.M. (2005) Conditioning and dewatering of digested waste activated sludges-Closure. Journal of Residuals Science and Technology 2, 110-112.
Novak, J.T. and Park, C. (2004) Chemical conditioning of sludge. Water Science and Technology 49, 73-80.
Novak, J.T., Park, C., and Abu-Orf, M.M. (2004) Conditioning and dewatering of digested waste activated sludges. Journal of Residuals Science and Technology 1, 45-51.
Abu-Orf, M.M., Muller, C.D., Park, C., and Novak, J.T. (2004) Innovative technologies to reduce water content of dewatered municipal residuals. Journal of Residuals Science and Technology 1, 83-91.
Recent Research Contracts Funded
Algal-sludge granules: an innovative wastewater treatment and energy recovery process. 2013 Paul L. Busch Award. Water Environment Research Foundation, PI, Oct 2013, $100,000.
Elucidating novel algal-sludge granule for wastewater treatment and biomethane feedstock generation. National Science Foundation, PI (co-PI: Caitlyn Butler), Sep 2013 ~Aug 2016, $334,606.
Evaluating the effective of upgrading wastewater treatment systems to BNR processes on algal blooms in Long Island Sound. Springfield Water and Sewer Commission, PI, July 2013 ~ June 2014, $20,000
Anaerobic co-digestion of sewage sludge and food wastes. Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (subcontract through Fay, Spofford & Thorndike), PI, Oct 2012~Nov 2013, $47,108.
The impact of upgrading municipal wastewater treatment facilities for nitrogen removal on Long Island Sound. Springfield Water and Sewer Commission, PI, June 2012 ~ May 2013, $25,000.
Elucidating the impact of upgrading wastewater treatment for nitrogen removal on eutrophication and toxic algal bloom in Long Island Sound. U.S Geological Survey’s Water Resources Annual Institute Program from the Massachusetts Water Resources Research Center, PI, Apr 2012 ~ Mar 2013, $5,000.
Assessing the effects of effluent nitrogen released from Western Mass WWTPs on Long Island Sound. Springfield Water and Sewer Commission, PI, June 2011 ~ May 2012, $30,000.
Enhanced natural attenuation of ethylene dibromide (1,2-Dibromoethane [EDB]) at MMR. The Air Force Center for Engineering and the Environment, PI (Co-PI: Klaus Nüsslein), Apr 2011 ~ Mar 2012, $135,246.
Investigation of advanced adsorbent for arsenic and phosphorous removal. Korea Association of Industry, Academy, and Research Institute (subcontract to Dankook University), Co-PI (PI: John Tobiason), Aug 2010 ~ May 2012, $94,054.
Natural attenuation of ethylene dibromide (1,2-Dibromoethane [EDB]) at MMR. The Air Force Center for Engineering and the Environment, PI (Co-PI: Klaus Nüsslein), Sep 2010 ~ Jan 2011, $53,971.
Assessing the effects of conventional and advanced nitrogen removal wastewater treatment on receiving water eutrophication. Springfield Water and Sewer Commission, PI, Jul 2010 ~ May 2011, $25,000.
Pilot-scale operation of algae photobioreactor and anaerobic digester at Frevar, Fedrikstad, Norway. Aquateam, PI, June 2010 ~ Sep 2010, $20,072.
A new sludge and nutrient reduction method for wastewater treatment. CVIP Technology Development Award, University of Massachusetts Amherst, PI, Apr 2010, $25,000.
Fate of non-regulated DBPs in distribution systems. Water Research Foundation, Co-PI (PI; Dave Reckhow, Co-PI; William Mitch), May 2010 ~ Apr 2012, $399,127.
A sustainable process to capture and store CO2 to increase production of renewable bioenergy. Norwegian Research Council (subcontract to Biowater Technology), PI (Co-PI: Sarina Ergas), Oct 2009 ~ Sep 2012, $144,771.
Natural attenuation of ethylene dibromide (1,2-Dibromoethane [EDB]) at MMR. The Air Force Center for Engineering and the Environment, PI (Co-PIs; Sarina Ergas and Klaus Nüsslein), Jul 2009 ~ June 2010, $183,111.
Assessing the transport and fate of effluent organic nitrogen in the Connecticut River and Long Island Sound using mass-mapping proteomics technology. Springfield Water and Sewer Commission, PI, Apr 2009 ~ Mar 2010, $30,000.
Assessing the transport and fate of effluent organic nitrogen in the Connecticut River and Long Island Sound using mass-mapping proteomics technology. U.S Geological Survey’s Water Resources Annual Institute Program from the Massachusetts Water Resources Research Center, PI, Apr 2009 ~ Mar 2010, $30,000.
Phenotypic characteristics of activated sludge generated under different feeding conditions and implications for wastewater treatment performance and sludge treatment. Faculty Research Grant/Healey Endowment Grant, University of Massachusetts, PI, Sep 2008 ~ Aug 2009, $15,000.
Characterization of wastewater effluent from Western Massachusetts publicly owned treatment works using metaproteomic analysis. U.S Geological Survey’s Water Resources Annual Institute Program from the Massachusetts Water Resources Research Center, Graduate student project, PI (Graduate student: Pamela Westgate), Apr 2007 ~ Mar 2008, $5,000.
Recent Honors and Awards
- Paul L. Busch Award, Water Environment Research Foundation, 2013
- CVIP Technology Development Awards, University of Massachusetts, 2010
- Graduate Research & Development Program Award, Virginia Tech, 2006
- Sussman Fellowship, Edna Bailey Sussman Foundation, 2004
- Paul E. Torgersen Research Excellence Award, Virginia Tech, 2003
- International Exchange Program Scholarship, Yeungnam University, 1998