|Title||Screw piles and helical anchors: 180 years of use in geotechnical engineering|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Lutenegger AJ, Clemence SP|
|Journal||Geo-Strata - Geo Institute of ASCE|
|Keywords||Anchors, Cylinders, Foundation construction, Infrastructure construction, Lifeline systems, Piers, Piles, Seas and oceans|
Since 1836, screw piles and screw cylinders have been used successfully throughout the world to support a variety of large-scale, civil engineering structures. Their development and use is largely attributed to engineers from the U.K. and the U.S. One of the most globally important engineering advances of the mid- to late- 19th century, screw-pile foundations made the construction of lighthouses possible in locations where there may otherwise have been significant loss of life and property. They made the construction of bridges possible in locations where they might not have been possible for another 40 years, and they made the construction of oceanfront pleasure piers an industry that would irreversibly change leisure time throughout the U.K.