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Experimental behavior of a continuous metal connector for a wood-concrete composite system

TitleExperimental behavior of a continuous metal connector for a wood-concrete composite system
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsClouston PL, Civjan SA, Bathon L
JournalForest Products Journal
Volume54
Issue6
Start Page76
Pagination76-84
Date Published06/2004
Abstract

The benefits of using shear connectors to join wood beams to a concrete slab in a composite floor or deck system are many. Studies throughout the world have demonstrated significantly improved strength, stiffness, and ductility properties from such connection sys- tems as well as citing practical building advantages such as durability, sound insulation, and fire resistance. In this study, one relatively new shear connector system that originated in Germany has been experimentally investigated for use with U.S. manufactured prod- ucts. The connector system consists of a continuous steel mesh of which one half is glued into a southern pine Parallam® Parallel Strand Lumber beam and the other half embedded into a concrete slab to provide minimal interlayer slip. A variety of commercial ep- oxies were tested for shear strength and stiffness in standard shear or "push out" tests. The various epoxies resulted in a variety of shear constitutive behaviors; however, for two glue types, shear failure occurred in the steel connector resulting in relatively high initial stiff- ness and ductility as well as good repeatability. Slip moduli and ultimate strength values are presented and discussed. Full-scale bend- ing tests, using the best performing adhesive as determined from the shear tests, were also conducted. Results indicate consistent, near-full composite action system behavior.