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Enhancement of removal of trace organic contaminants by powdered activated carbon dosing into membrane bioreactors

TitleEnhancement of removal of trace organic contaminants by powdered activated carbon dosing into membrane bioreactors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsNguyen LN, Hai FI, Nghiem LD, Kang J, Price WE, Park C, Yamamoto K
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume45
Issue2
Start Page571
Pagination571–578
Date Published03/2014
KeywordsAdsorption, Membrane bioreactor (MBR), Powdered activated carbon (PAC), Trace organic contaminants, Water recycling
Abstract

This study compared the removal efficiency of 22 widespread trace organic contaminants by a laboratory-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) with and without direct addition of powdered activated carbon (PAC) into the activated sludge reactor over a period of 312 days. The removal of hydrophilic and biologically persistent trace organic contaminants was immediately improved to above 95% after the addition of PAC into MBR. However, a compound-specific gradual decrease in removal underscored the requirement for the addition of fresh PAC. Adsorption onto PAC-added sludge appeared to play a significant role in the relatively more effective aqueous phase removal of a few resistant compounds such as carbamazepine in this study. A slower reduction in removal efficiency of compounds showing extraordinary persistence such as fenoprop and diclofenac was observed after raising the PAC concentration in the MBR from 0.1 to 0.5 g/L. Nevertheless, comparison of extent of removal in terms of PAC usage indicated the suitability of more frequent dosing of smaller amounts of PAC.

DOI10.1016/j.jtice.2013.05.021