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Drinking water safety: science, technology, engineering and policy

TitleDrinking water safety: science, technology, engineering and policy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsMa J, Reckhow DA, Xie Y
JournalFrontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering
Volume9
Issue1
Start Page2
Date Published03/2015
ISSN2095-2201
Abstract

Safe drinking water is crucial for protecting public health, a top-priority of environmental professionals. In order toprevent or remediate the numerous environmental problems that exist in current drinking water systems, there is an urgentneed to develop innovative and efficient science, technology, engineering and policy as a means to reduce potential risks.Emerging contaminants, including pharmaceuticals and personal care products, have gained great attention in watertreatment. The removal of estrone, bisphenol A, nitrofurazone and oxytetracycline was investigated in three studies.Chlorinated aromatics, as pollutants from chemical spills, were also investigated. Ultrafiltration, in combination withozonation and enhanced coagulation, was investigated for its removal of organic matters and fouling mechanisms,respectively. The occurrence and control of manganese and aggregation kinetics of manganese dioxide colloids weretopics of two other papers.Disinfection is the essential process for drinking water treatment. Formation of disinfection byproducts, an unintendedconsequence of water disinfection, has also been recognized as a potential risk to public health. This special issue includesseveral studies in the area of water disinfection and disinfection byproducts, including inactivating bacterial biofilms fromgroundwater wells using oxidants and ultraviolet-C, disinfection byproducts in eight cities in China, and disinfectionbyproducts in 49 small water systems in the Province of Qubec, Canada. Effects of ozonation/ceramic membraneultrafiltration and ultraviolet on natural organic matter were also investigated. Finally, a review paper covers the formationand control of disinfection byproducts and their regulatory complianceA sound water policy is the key to assure water security. One paper assessed the impact of inter-basin water transfer ongroundwater quality. Another paper proposed the use of an analytic hierarchy process to evaluate various risks facing bywater utilities. The third paper established an ecological compensation accounting system for water conservation.We believe that this special issue will promote the information exchange among water professionals, contribute to abetter understanding of drinking water quality, treatment and policy, and ultimately assist in protecting the health andwell-being of the world’s growing population.

DOI10.1007/s11783-015-0771-4