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Determining Kinetic Parameters of a Nitrite-Accumulating, Denitrifying, Cathode-Oxidizing Biofilm

TitleDetermining Kinetic Parameters of a Nitrite-Accumulating, Denitrifying, Cathode-Oxidizing Biofilm
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWeinrich J, Butler CS
Conference NameWater Environment Federation Technical Exhibition and Conference
Number of VolumesSession 600 through Session 609
Pagination2898-2910
Date Published10/2014
PublisherWater Environment Federation
Conference LocationNew Orleans, LA
Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) can simultaneously oxidize dissolved organic compounds in an anode and reduce nitrate in a cathode while producing electricity from municipal wastewater. However, previous studies have reported nitrite accumulation in denitrifying biocathodes. In this study, nitrite accumulation of 64% of the total initial nitrogen concentration was observed in batch cycles of a denitrifying biocathode. Elimination of possible environmental inhibitors, including dissolved oxygen, pH and carbon limitation did not reduce nitrite accumulation. Batch kinetic parameters for nitrate and nitrite reduction were determined using a cross-competitive inhibition model. For nitrate reduction, a maximum utilization rate (qmax, NA) of 0.0199 ± .0031 (mg NO3-N/mgVSS•day) was observed and for nitrite reduction, the maximum utilization rate (qmax, NI) was 0.0157 ± 0.00026 mg NO2-N/mgVSS•day. Though these parameters are unique for this nitrite-accumulating denitrifying biocathode community, the determining kinetic parameters is important in designing full-scale reactors and predicting biocathode performance.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864714815942189
DOI10.2175/193864714815942189